Periodontal (gum) Disease
Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults and can have serious impact on your general health. We routinely check for the signs of periodontal disease and can provide effective treatments at every stage.
What causes periodontal disease?
Gum disease usually begins as gingivitis, when the gums become inflamed and irritated due to build-up of plaque. If left untreated, the bacteria in plaque will cause permanent damage to the teeth and gums, causing teeth to loosen and eventually fall out.
A number of factors can increase the risk of periodontal disease, including:
- Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy or menopause
- Systemic diseases such as diabetes
- Medications that affect the growth of gum tissue
- Poor oral hygiene
- Family history of periodontal disease
Symptoms of gum disease
You may already have periodontal disease without knowing it, which is why it’s so important to get your teeth checked by dentists on a regular basis so the disease can be caught in its early stages. Common signs that you may already have gum disease or gingivitis include:
- Loose or wobbling teeth
- Swollen or painful gums
- Bleeding or irritation during brushing
- Receding gums or changing position of teeth
- Bad breath even after brushing
Visiting your dentist regularly is the most effective way to screen for periodontal disease and other oral health conditions, which are checked for during routine examinations.
Our dentists in Subiaco can treat gum disease at every stage, whether the disease has already progressed or if it’s reversible through preventative steps such as quitting smoking, changing your diet and following food oral hygiene practices.